ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, August 13, 2020

Agriculture

AGRICULTURE

 
 
"Farmers are the linch-pin of the whole world;
As they feed even those not in the field” – Thirukural (1032)
 
 
 
1. Introduction
 
 

           Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihood in Tamil Nadu. More than two third of rural households in the State still depend primarily on agriculture for their sustenance, with 93 percent of farmers being small and marginal.

            The welfare and well being of the State's population mainly depends either directly or indirectly on fortunes of agriculture. Moreover, the primary responsibility of the State Government is to ensure stability in agricultural 2 sector and sustainability in agricultural production of the State.
 
            Agriculture is undergoing perceptible changes as it gets transformed from traditional to modern economy which is an important step towards economic development. The traditional uncompromising practices followed in the erstwhile years and the systematic method of cultivation impregnated with Good Agricultural Practices focussing on environment for production of food grains are gaining momentum in the modern agriculture. The State Government is promoting environment friendly sustainable agriculture and encouraging farmers to adopt such practices with an objective to meet the demands put forth by the growing population in the food segment as well as the raw materials for agro-based industries in an eco-friendly sustainable way.
 
           Government of Tamil Nadu is taking all out efforts to increase productivity and farmers’ income by adopting frontier agriculture technologies to a larger extent for various crops cultivated in Tamil  Nadu by  actively  involving  farmers and extension officers with due research backing.